Seeds not germinating or sprouting?
Seeds not germinating or sprouting?
This knowledge and some tricks shown in this article may take your herbs, fruit, vegetables, or any plant garden to the next level, and you can achieve almost 100 percent success in seed germination.
For gardens, seeds are magic. Please put them in the soil, add some water, and you’re on your way to a beautiful flower or a delicious harvest.
Whether you’re a novice or a skilled gardener, you will certainly enhance your success by avoiding these common mistakes that will be discussed shortly.
A simple process is to germinate seeds. But you feel disheartened when the seeds do not sprout, and, in fact, some lose their interest in gardening.
However, you should always take time to assess or diagnose the problem.
7 Serious Mistakes Why Seeds Not Germinating or Sprouting:
1. WRONG TEMPERATURE AND SEASON
This is another common mistake the majority of us commit.
Planting by season, depending on the area in which you live, is really essential because the temperature is a critical aspect of the seed’s germination.
Temperatures that are either too high or too low may cause problems with the germination of seeds. So, strive to follow the zone’s planting calendar in which you live.
2. IMPROPER WATERING
The seed germination process is very dependent on watering. If the seedling is too dry, it will fail to sprout. If they turn too wet, they will rot in the soil.
To sprout, seeds need to be moderately moist, but it can be difficult to assess when they are.
Also, young seedlings are much more vulnerable and can die from either under or over-watering.
The best method to make this work is by using a bottom tray. The tray should be filled with water and watered from beneath.
When the medium is dry, it absorbs water through the drainage holes, which accelerates the process of water absorption. It is completely safe and effective.
3. YOU ARE USING NON-VIABLE OR OLD SEEDS
If your seeds have not sprouted in the amount of time required, it may be due to a lack of viability.
It’s important to check the expiry date or best before the date before buying the seeds and also purchase seeds from reliable sources.
This issue of Seed viability may even be due to improper storage of seeds, such as in moisture, which may cause them to rot or mold.
Here are two simple ways to test whether your seed is viable.
The first technique is to simply pour the seeds into a water container, and they are not viable if the seeds are floating.
All you have to do is discard them and choose only those sunk to the bottom.
Checking the viability of seed using a wet toilet paper method.
Pour some seeds on wet toilet paper and hold them in a zip lock bag for 24 to 48 hours and see for sprouts to check their viability.
4. ROLE OF SUNLIGHT
Is sunlight required for seeds to germinate? For most of the seeds, no sunlight is needed for sprouting.
In dark, damp, and warm conditions, the seed germinates most successfully.
Once the seeds sprout and two new leaves emerge, they need sunlight to survive.
You must follow the strategy of “Hardening Off,” which means gradually exposing yourself to sunlight, such as 1 hour on the first day, 2 hours on the second, and so on for full exposure.
5. BAD SEED STARTING POTTING MIX OR SOIL
This is significant in the chances of success. It is not advised to start seeds on garden soil alone because soil that has been compacted can impede germination, resulting in poor growth.
Also, if the seeds are enclosed by twigs and plants, the seeds will not germinate freely.
Moreover, the soil is contaminated with various pathogens that cause problems for seed germination and also cause problems for the seedlings.
Many gardening experts suggest that baking this soil at 180 degrees for thirty minutes will kill most weeds and pathogens.
By killing the beneficial microbes, the organic treatments will also affect the soil. Therefore, it’s preferable to prepare a seed starting mix without using soil from the garden.
One such recipe is a Cocopeat or peat moss 70 percent, plus a combination of decomposed cow dung or Vermicompost 30 percent as a compost material.
This is more than adequate and is the best starting mix of seeds.
You can also add in this mixture stuff such as perlite and finely vermiculite.
Alternatively, you can also use coco peat seed starting pellets that can be transplanted directly into the soil when the seedling is ready for transplant.
6. WRONG PLANTING TECHNIQUE
Too deep a planting of your seed may cause germination problems. So, what is the ideal seed depth? The thumb rule is to plant seeds at a depth of two or three times their width.
It is more effective to plant seeds too shallow than too deep.
After planting, you should also avoid putting pressure on your seeds.
7. CONTAINERS OR SEED TRAYS ON DIRTY OR UNSTERILE
It is always wise to use a new, fresh container or thoroughly clean the old containers before adding the potting mix for a better success rate in seed germination.
Molds and fungi are the most common infection that can be encountered from dirty containers.
You will note a fuzzy growth on the top of the planting medium if infection occurs. You can see that seed sprouts, too, but then at its base, it rots and falls over.
This is called damping off and is induced in your soil by a fungal infection.
Hydrogen peroxide can be used or even kitchen baking soda to clean your old containers, like 1 tablespoon per liter of water, and clean the containers with this solution.
Or use soap and water or even a diluted bleaching powder to clean it.
Follow the tips above may be avoiding making mistakes in the early stages of gardening.
Then, please do not lose hope if your plant not sprouting or germinating. Keep trying, never give up—a lot of other tips you can find here on this website.
Please SHARE if you found this info is helpful. Also, please share it with your friends and fellow gardeners. Happy gardening!
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